Rudi Bekkers


Papers in refereed journals, books, and chapters

R. Bekkers (accepted). Where patents and standards come together. In: R. Hawkins (ed.) Handbook of Standards and Innovation. Edward Elgar Publishing.

R. Bekkers, G. Bombaerts (accepted). Introducing broad skills in higher engineering education: The Patents and Standards course at Eindhoven University of Technology. Technology and Innovation (Journal of the National Academy of Inventors, US).

Negin Salimi, Rudi Bekkers & Koen Frenken (2016). Success factors of university-industry PhD projects. Science and Public Policy (published on-line on 8 February 2016). [p] [f] [doi]

Byeongwoo Kang, Rudi Bekkers (2015). Just-in-time patents and the development of standards. Research Policy 44, 1948–1961. [p] [s] [w] [f] [doi]

Negin Salimi, Rudi Bekkers & Koen Frenken (2015). Does working with industry come at a price? A study of doctoral candidates' performance in collaborative vs. non-collaborative Ph.D. projects. Technovation Vol. 41-42, pp 51-61. [p] [s] [w] [f] [doi]

Negin Salimi, Rudi Bekkers & Koen Frenken (2015). Governance mode choice in collaborative Ph.D. projects. Journal of Technology Transfer. 40 (5), 840–858. [p] [s] [w]  [f] [doi]

Rudi Bekkers, Matthew Dalais, Antoine Dore and Nikolaos Volanis. (2014). Understanding patents, competition & standardization in an interconnected world. ITU: Geneva. [p] [f]

Maskus, K., Bekkers, R., Block, M.S., Contreras, J., Gilbert, R. J., Goodman, D. J., Marasco, A., Simcoe, T., Smoot, O., Suttmeier, R., Updegrove, A. (2013). In Maskus, K., & Merrill, S. A. (Eds.). Patent challenges for standard-setting in the global economy: Lessons from the ICT industry. Committee on Intellectual Property Management in Standard-Setting Processes Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, Policy and Global Affairs. National Research Council of the National Academies. Washington, D.C: The National Academies Press. [p] [gb] [doi]

Uijl, S. d., Bekkers, R., & de Vries, H. J. d. (2013). Managing Intellectual Property Using Patent Pools: Lessons from Three Generations of Pools in the Optical Disc Industry. California Management Review, 55(4), 31-50. [p] [ft] [js] [f] [doi]

Timmermans, B., Bekkers, R., & Bordoli, L. (2013). Knowledge reallocation and challenges for KIE: The case of the European roller coaster industry. In M. McKelvey & A. Heidemann Lassen, How Entrepreneurs do What they do: Case Studies in Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship. (pp. 119-132). Edward Elgar Publishing. [p]

Rudi Bekkers, Arianna Martinelli (2012), Knowledge positions in high-tech markets: Trajectories, standards, strategies and true innovators,Technological Forecasting & Social Change 79, 1192–1216. [p] [f] [doi]

Rudi Bekkers, Eric Iversen and Knut Blind (2012). Emerging ways to address the reemerging conflict between patenting and technological standardization. Industrial and Corporate Change, Volume 21, Number 4, pp. 901–931.

Gilsing, V., Bekkers, R., Bodas Freitas, I. M., & van der Steen, M. (2011). Differences in technology transfer between science-based and development-based industries: Transfer mechanisms and barriers. Technovation, 31 (21) pp. 638-647.

Bekkers, R., Bongard, R. & Nuvolari, A. (2011). An empirical study on the determinants of essential patent claims in compatibility standards. Research Policy, 40, 1001-1015.

Bogers, Marcel, Bekkers, Rudi and Granstrand, Ove (2011), Intellectual Property and Licensing Strategies in Open Collaborative Innovation. In: Carmen de Pablos Heredero (Ed.), Open innovation at Firms and Public Administrations: Technologies for Value Creation. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. Chapter posted by permission of the publisher.

Africa Villanueva-Felez, Rudi Bekkers and Jordi Molas-Gallart (2010). University–industry relationships and the role of the individual: Network ties and the diversity of knowledge transfer. Industry & higher education, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp 1–8.

Bekkers, R. (2010). An evaluation of incentives and policies that affect research institutions’ knowledge transfer activities, at researcher and management level. In 2009 Expert Group on Knowledge Transfer, Final Report (pp. 82-111). Brussels: European Commission.

Bekkers, R., & West, J. (2010). Standards, Patents and Mobile Phones: Lessons from ETSI’s Handling of UMTS. In Information Resources Management Association (eds.) Networking and Telecommunications: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications (pp. 235-257). IGI Global.

Rudi Bekkers, Joel West (2009). The Limits to IPR Standardization Policies as Evidenced by Strategic Patenting in UMTS. Telecommunications Policy 33 (2009) 80–97.

Rudi Bekkers, Joel West (2009). Standards, patents and mobile phones: Lessons from ETSI's handling of UMTS. Journal of IT standards and standardization research 7(1), 13-34.

Rudi Bekkers, Isabel Maria Bodas de Araújo Freitas (2008). Analysing preferences for knowledge transfer channels between universities and industry: To what degree do sectors also matter? Research Policy 37 (2008) 1837–1853.

Bekkers, Rudi (2008). Stuck on the tracks? Empirical study for investments in the Dutch Railway Sector infrastructure. In Arts, G. et. al. (eds.), New perspectives on investment in infrastructures, pp. 15-42. Study commissioned by the Dutch Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR). Den Hague: Amsterdam University Press.

Bert-Jaap Koops & Rudi Bekkers (2007). Interceptability of telecommunications: Are U.S. and Dutch law prepared for the future? Telecommunications Policy 31 (2007) 45–67.

Bekkers, R., V. Gilsing, and M. van der Steen (2006), Determining Factors of the Effectiveness of IP-based Spin-offs: Comparing the Netherlands and the US. Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol 31., No. 5, p. 545-566.

Bekkers, R. (2003). Thesis review - The process of Standard making: the Case of cellular Mobile telephony by Vladislav Fomin. Journal of IT Standards & Standardization Research, 1(2), 67-72.

Bekkers, R. (2003). Book review: A world of standards by Nils Brunsson and Bengt Jacobsson. Organization Studies, 24(2), pp. 344-348. V-link.

Bekkers, R. and B. Sampat (2003). “Rapporteurs' summary of the joint Netherlands-OECD expert workshop on the strategic use of IPRs by public research organizationsapporteurs”, Paris: OECD .

Bekkers, R.N.A. & van der Steen, M. (2003). ‘IP-based spin-offs of public research organisations in the Dutch life science and ICT sectors.’ In: Turning Science into Business: Patenting and licensing at public research organisations (p. 263-291). Paris: OECD.

Bekkers, R., Duysters, G. & Verspagen, B. (2002). ‘Intellectual property rights, strategic technology agreements and market structure: The case of GSM.’ In: Research Policy Vol. 31 Issue 7, pp. 1141-1161.

Bekkers, R., Verspagen, B. & Smits, J. (2002). ‘Intellectual property rights and standardization: The case of GSM.’ In: Telecommunications Policy 26 (2002), p. 171-188. Also in: The Standards Edge. Bolin/Sun, San Anselmo (CA).

Bekkers, R. (2001). The development of European mobile telecommunications standards: An assessment of the success of GSM, TETRA, ERMES and UMTS (doctoral dissertation). Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.

Bekkers, R.N.A. (2001). Mobile Telecommunications Standards: GSM, UMTS, TETRA and ERMES. Boston, MA: Artech House. [gb]

Bekkers, R. & Liotard, I. (1999). ‘The tense relation between mobile telecommunications standards and IPR.’ In: European intellectual property review, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 110-126.

Bekkers, R.N.A. & Smits, J.M. (1999). Mobile telecommunications: Regulations, standards and applications. Boston, MA: Artech House. [gb]

Marijke L.Van Vonderen, Rudi Bekkers, Ria Hermanussen, Gizella Sikora & Árpád Tóth (1996). Gender and Doubts About Study in Technology: A Dutch-Hungarian Comparison. The journal of general psychology. Vol. 123, Issue 1, p. 5-18. 

Bekkers, R.N.A. & Smits, J.M. (1999). GSM in detail: Techniek en realisatie van GSM, DCS 1800 en PCS 1900 [GSM in detail: Technology and implementation of GSM, DCS 1800, and PCS 1900]. Deventer, the Netherlands: Kluwer.

Bekkers, R.N.A. (1999). ‘Telecommunicatienormen en intellectuele eigendomsrechten.’ [‘Telecommunications standards and intellectual property rights.’]. In: Informatie en informatiebeleid [Information and information policy], Vol. 17, Issue 2, pp. 36-44.

Bekkers, R.N.A. (1998). ‘Mobiele datacommunicatie’ [‘Mobile Telecommunications’]. In: J. Dumortier (Ed.), Mediagids: Telecom, basiswerk. [Belgium]: Kluwer Editorial.

Bekkers, R.N.A. & Smits, J.M. (1997). Mobiele telecommunicatie: Regulering, standaarden en toepassingen [Mobile telecommunications: Regulations, standards, and applications] (Second, revised edition). Deventer, the Netherlands: Kluwer.

Bekkers, R.N.A. & Smits, J.M. (1997). Mobiele telecommunicatie: Europese netwerken [Mobile telecommunication: European networks]. Deventer, the Netherlands: Kluwer.


Below is an overview of (refereed) journal papers, books, and chapters. Most are downloadable. For some papers you a subscription for the respective journal publisher; in these cases, author’s versions are provided as alternatives

Note on download options:

[p] Paper at publisher

[s] Page in Scopus

[w] Page in Web of Science

[js] Jstor

[gb] Google Books

[f] Full-text in TU/e repository

[ft] Full-text, local copy

[d] Link via DOI


Link to my research in Scopus.

Link to my research at ResearchGate.

Link to my research in ResearcherID.

Link to my Google Scholar profile.

Official TU/e employee page.